Task 2- List of Top Aviation Organisations
THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION (FAA)
The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), former in 1958 (61 years ago) is a governmental body of the United States with powers to regulate all aspects of civil aviation in that nation as well as over its surrounding international waters. Its powers include the construction and operation of airports, air traffic management, the certification of personnel and aircraft, and the protection of U.S. assets during the launch or re-entry of commercial space vehicles.
The FAA's roles include:
· Regulating air navigation facilities' geometric and flight inspection standards
· Encouraging and developing civil aeronautics, including new aviation technology
· Issuing, suspending, or revoking pilot certificates
· Regulating civil aviation to promote transportation safety in the United States, especially through local offices called Flight Standards District Offices
· Developing and operating a system of air traffic control and navigation for both civil and military aircraft.
· Researching and developing the National Airspace System and civil aeronautics.
The FAA is divided into four “lines of business” (LOB)
· Airports (ARP)
· Air traffic organization (ATO)
· Aviation safety (AVS)
· Commercial space transportation (AST)
THE BOEING COMPANY
The Boeing Company, commonly known as Boeing, formed in 1916 (103 years ago) is an American multinational corporation that designs, manufactures, and sells airplanes, rotorcraft, r
ockets, satellites, telecommun ications equipment, and missiles worldwide. The company also provides leasing and product support services. Boeing is among the largest global aerospace manufacturers; it is the second-largest defense contractor in the world based on 2018 revenue, and is the largest exporter in the United States by dollar value.
Boeing was founded by William Boeing in Seattle, Washington
on July 15, 1916. The present corporation is the result of the merger of Boeing with McDonnell Douglas on August 1, 1997. Then chairman and CEO of Boeing, Philip M. Condit, assumed those roles in the combined company, while Harry Stonecipher, former CEO of McDonnell Douglas, became president and COO.
The Boeing Company has its corporate headquarters in Chicago, Illinois. Boeing is organized into five primary divisions: Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA); Boeing Defense, Space & Security (BDS); Engineering, Operations & Technology; Boeing Capital; and Boeing Shared Services Group.
In 2019, Boeing's global reputation, commercial business, and financial rating suffered after the 737 MAX was grounded worldwide following two fatal crashes in late 2018 and early 2019.
After two fatal crashes of the Boeing 737 MAX narrow-body passenger airplanes in 2018 and 2019, aviation regulators and airlines around the world grounded all 737 MAX airliners. A total of 387 aircraft were grounded Boeing's reputation, business, and financial rating has suffered after these groundings, questioning Boeing's strategy, governance, and focus on profits and cost efficiency. The Wall Street Journal reported on May 5, 2019 that Boeing had known of the issue with the system for "about a year" before the crash in Indonesia In December 2019, Boeing announced it will suspend 737 MAX production from January 2020. Soon after, on December 23, then CEO Dennis Muilenburg resigned and was replaced by David Calhoun
The corporation's three main divisions are Boeing Commercial Airplanes (BCA), Boeing Defense, Space & Security (BDS), and Boeing Global Services.
THE INTERNATIONAL AIR TRANSPORT ASSOCIATION (IATA)
The International Air Transport Association (IATA), formed in 1945 (74 years ago) is a trade association of the world’s airlines founded in 1945. IATA has been described as a cartel since, in addition to setting technical standards for airline, IATA also organized tariff conferences that served as a forum for price fixing. Consisting of 290 airlines, primarily major carriers, representing 117 countries, the IATA's member airlines account for carrying approximately 82% of total available seat miles air traffic. IATA supports airline activity and helps formulate industry policy and standards. It is headquartered in Canada in the city of Montréal, with Executive Offices in Geneva, Switzerland.
At its founding, IATA consisted of 57 airlines from 31 countries. Much of IATA’s early work was technical and IATA provided input to the newly created International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), which was reflected in the annexes of the Chicago Convention, the international treaty that still governs the technical of international air transport today.
At a time when many airlines were government owned and loss-making, IATA operated as a cartel, charged by the governments with setting a fixed fare structure that avoided price competition. The first Traffic Conference was held in 1947 in Rio de Janeiro and reached unanimous agreement on some 400 resolutions.
The American Civil Aeronautics Board did not intervene to stop IATA’s price fixing. The law professor Louis B. Schwartz condemned the board’s inaction as an “abdication of judicial responsibility”.
In 2006, the United States Department of Justice adapted an order withdrawing the antitrust immunity of IATA tariff conferences
Airbus SE, formed in 1970 (49 years ago) is a European multinational aerospace corporation. In 2019, Airbus was the world’s largest airliner manufacturer and took the most airliner orders. Airbus is registered in the Netherlands; its shares are traded in France, Germany and Spain. It designs, manufactures and sells civil and military aerospace products worldwide and manufactures aircraft in the European Union and various other countries. The company has three divisions: Commercial Aircraft, Defence and Space, and Helicopters, the third being the largest in its industry in terms of revenues and turbine helicopter deliveries.
The company's main civil aeroplane business is based in Blagnac, France, a suburb of Toulouse, with production and manufacturing facilities mostly in the European Union (France, Germany, Spain) but also in China, the United Kingdom, the United States and Canada. Final assembly production is based in Toulouse, France; Hamburg, Germany; Seville, Spain; Tianjin, China; Mobile, United States; and Montreal, Canada. The company produces and markets the first commercially viable digital fly-by-wire airliner, the Airbus A320, and the world's largest passenger airliner, the A380. The 12,000th aircraft, an A220, was delivered to Delta Air Lines on 20 May 2019. By October 2016, the global Airbus fleet have performed more than 110 million flights, totalling over 215 billion kilometres and carrying 12 billion passengers.
Airbus's registered headquarters is in Leiden, Netherlands, with the operating head office located in Toulouse. The company is led by CEO Guillaume Faury and is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index.
Airbus has committed to the “Flightpath 2050”, an aviation industry plan to reduce noise, CO2, and NOx emissions. Airbus was the first aerospace business to become ISO 14001 certified, in January 2007; this is a broader certification covering the whole organisation, not just the aircraft it produces.
Boeing has continually protested over “launch aid” and other forms of government aid to Airbus, while Airbus has argued that Boeing receives illegal subsidies through military and research contracts and tax breaks.
THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF AIRCRAFT OWNER AND PILOT ASSOCIATIONS (IAOPA)
The organization started at Wings Field in Blue Bell, Pennsylvania. On 24 April 1932, The Philadelphia Aviation Country Club was founded at Wings Field. The country club was the location of meetings of members that founded AOPA. AOPA incorporated on May 15, 1939, with C. Towsend Ludington serving as the first president, AOPA's membership consists mainly of general aviation pilots in the United States. AOPA exists to serve the interests of its members as aircraft owners and pilots, and to promote the economy, safety, utility, and popularity of flight in general aviation aircraft. In 1971 the organization purchased Airport World Magazine, moving its operations to Bethesda, Maryland.
With 384,915 members in 2012, AOPA is the largest aviation association in the world, although since 2010 it has decreased in membership from 414,224, a loss of 7% in two years. AOPA is affiliated with other similar organizations in other countries though membership in the International Council of Aircraft Owner and Pilot Associations (IAOPA). In 2015, AOPA was inducted into the International Air & Space Hall of Fame at the San Diego Air & Space Museum.
AOPA has several programs.
· AOPA Foundation
· AOPA Political action committee
· GA serves america
· Legal Services Plan/Pilot Protection Services
· Air Safety Institute
The Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) is a Frederick, Maryland-based American non-
profit political organization that advocates for general aviation.
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case study on Future of Aviation Industry
The International Air Transport Association forecasts that the number of passengers transported by airlines will reach 8.2 billion in 2037, up from 7.8 billion in 2036. The updated forecast is based on a 3.5% compound annual growth rate for the industry. Presenting the updated figures today, Alexandre de Juniac, IATA’s Director General and CEO, also warned against protectionism and a reversal of globalization which could slow down growth and put up to 100 million jobs worldwide and $5.5 trillion in GDP at risk over the next 20-years.
The aviation industry has seen dramatic growth over the past 20 years, with passenger numbers rising from 1.467 billion in 1998 to 3.979 billion in 2019, according to statistics from the International Civil Aviation Organization.
Airlines are ramping up to serve more passengers by modernizing their fleets and adding buying new generation aircraft that are more fuel-efficient and also by becoming more sophisticated retailers, to compete with low-cost rivals while maintaining healthy profitability.
This week, aviation industry and travel technology leaders are gathered at the IATA Airline Retailing Symposium (AIRS) in Rome looking at ways to streamline the bookings and ticket management process
Airlines and airports are also investing heavily to accommodate the demands of present and future travelers by adopting technologies like biometric ID, automated check-in and bag drop systems, improved security screening equipment and digital passenger services.
The impetus for all of this investment is to ensure that the industry can support greater global connectivity.
1. Kindly suggest a few more methods by which this increase in number of passengers can be dealt.
2. Give your views on the phrase ‘from Ambani to Aam aadmi’.
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